civil2Civil War (War Between the States)

April 12, 1961- May 10, 1865

Eleven states seceded from the Union and called themselves- The Confederate States of America. They were fighting the right to keep ‘human property.’ The Union ‘Blues’ seen 110,000 killed in action or die from fatal wounds. 25,000 died in Confederacy Prisons and another 2,260 were killed in the Navy/Marines. The Confederacy ‘Grays’ count was 72,524 killed in action and 137,000 wounded; resulting in 260,000 deaths. Brother fought against brother in this conflict.

President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation January 1, 1863 (freedom from slavery). Allowing stronger emphasis on abolishing slavery, the 13th amendment was passed by the Senate (April 8, 1864) and the House (Jan. 31, 1865). The following three amendments of our constitution were directed to recognize and give the colored ‘equal rights.’ Information from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Taps is the song, giving reverence to veterans. The creation of this song began in 1862 during the Civil War. Union Captain Robert Ellicome and his men were near Harrison’s Landing in Virginia. The Confederate was on the other side of this narrow strip of land. During the night, Ellicombe heard the moans of a soldier who was severely wounded on the field. Not knowing if this soldier was a Union or Confederate soldier, the captain decided to bring this soldier in for medical attention. Crawling on his stomach, the captain reached the soldier and dragged him back to the Union camp. When he reached the safety of camp, the captain lit a lamp and seen the soldier was his son. His boy had been studying music in the south when the war broke out and joined the Confederate Army and hadn’t told his father. The captain requested a decent funeral for his son, despite his enemy status. Since his son was a rebel, the request was only partial granted; only letting one musician play. The captain chose a bugler and asked to play the series of notes he found in his son’s pocket. That melody, now known as Taps, has been played at military events, ever since.

The first Sharpshooters Regiment in the Union Army was created by Hiram C. Berdan of New York in 1861. Before serving as a colonel in the war, Berdan was a mechanical engineer and a creative inventor. He created the Berden Repeating Rifle and the Berdan Center Fire Primer (a range finder torpedo boat for evading torpedo nets during and after the Civil War). His interest in rifles and shooting enticed him to create regiments for men with notable shooting skills. They were from New York, New Hampshire, Vermont, Michigan and Wisconsin. The volunteer recruits had to pass a rifle test in order to qualify; they had to place ten shots in a circle of ten feet diameter from 200 yards away. They were allowed to choose a rifle and position for the test. Berdan asked for ‘a keen eye, steady hands and had lots of training and skill with a rifle.’ It took cool nerves to estimate their target and determine the effect of any wind occurring.

Berdan chose to have the men to use the Sharps Rifle- it was fast loading and had outstanding accuracy from long-range distances. Lieutenant General Winfield Scott denied Berdan’s choice- he said, “It will lead to a waste of ammunition.” Berdan demonstrated the rifle’s extreme speed and accuracy to President Lincoln. Lincoln was impressed and ordered them to be issued. The Sharp rifle weighted about 12 pounds, 47 inches long with a 30-inch barrel that fired cartridges with a .52 caliber conical ball. The rifle was accurate up to 600 yards that allowed the shooter to put twenty bullets in a 24-inch pattern from 200 yards away. The first regiment of volunteers began service in late November 1861 and fought in every eastern battle until the autumn of 1864 assigned with a mission to kill enemy targets from a far distance. They were, especially, noted in the battles of Yorktown, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, Chattanooga, Atlanta, Spotsylvania and Petersburg. Originally, the Sharpshooter uniform was green in color, not the standard Union Blue. Their knapsack was a Prussian-style sack, fitted over a wooden frame, not the usual tarred canvas. As the war went on, the men were issued blue uniforms, making it harder for the Rebels to distinguish them from the regular soldiers. Regiment G from Wisconsin originated in September 1861. Some were from Brooklyn.

Ezzan Benson enlisted in 1861, answering to the call of President Lincoln, as a three-month volunteer. At the ending of the commitment, Benson enlisted with Berdan’s Sharp Shooters (one of Berdan’s first volunteers). At the formation of the 42nd Wisconsin Regiment, Benson became Captain of Company G. He was in forty-seven battles of the war. Luckily he was never wounded or disabled, although the hardships of the war broke down his health. He was bedfast for two years before dying. His body lies in Jug Prairie Cemetery, southwest of Brooklyn.

John S. Bell enlisted in the Randall Guards, Company H, 2nd Wisconsin. He was rejected because of his size. He enlisted again in Janesville in Company D of that same regiment and was accepted May 19th, 1861. Participating in battles for four years, he eventually became a captain. He was shot in the head during Bull Run and was left on the field, supposedly dead. Captured by the Rebels, he was taken to Manassas Junction (wound unattended), then to Libby Prison where he received treatment. His skull was trepanned (an early surgical tool drilled the bone). Following recovery in Alabama, Bell was sent home.

His following assignment was in Bayfield County, Wisconsin to protect the settlers there- Indian uprising were happening in Minnesota.
Reporting back to his regiment, they made their way to Philadelphia to protect the city against General Lee’s advancing rebels. The Second Wisconsin was very active in various battles, greatly reduced; they were united with the Sixth Wisconsin. Participating in battles of the Wilderness and Hatcher’s Run; Bell was wounded in the head again. He endured the suffering until the South surrendered. Along with others, Bell shared their rations with hungry rebels. Bell mustered-out at Jeffersonville, Indiana July 25, 1865 as a captain. Home again, Bell operated a ‘depot of agricultural implements,’ managed a hotel and was a postmaster at Brooklyn besides farming. John Bell bought and platted lots which became the ‘Village of Brooklyn’.

Brooklyn Area Soldiers That Served in the Civil War 1861-1865

Charles L. Alderman

Calvary 4th Reg. 1863- 1864

Edward Benson

42nd Inf. 1864-1865

Ezzan H. Benson

42nd Inf. Sharp Shooter- 1861- 1865

Walter Benson

Co. E., 13th Infantry. 1862-64

John S. Bell

Co. D, 2nd Wis. 1861-1865

Adolph Blanchard

Co. B, 36th Inf.

James F. Carle

3rd Inf. 1864- 1865

William L. Carter

3rd Reg. 1861-1865

Stephen D. Chapin

Co. I, 2nd Cal.

John Chatterton

49th Reg. 1865-1865

William W. Chatterton

Co. H, 8th Inf.

Samuel M. Clark

13th Inf. 1861- 1864

William Church

18th Reg. – died Nov. 29, 1863 at Murfreesboro

Henry Cook

Co F. 13th Inf.

Fenton Davis

31st Reg. – 1862- 1865

William Darkin

GAR -1861-1865

Harrison DeJean

23rd Inf.

John R. Devlin

1862- 1865

Charles H. Devoll

Co. E, 46th Inf.

John W. Dick

2nd Cal. – 1862

Martin Flood

Co. C, 3rd Inf. -1861-1863

Peter Flood

31st Reg. 1862-1863

Thomas Flood

31st Reg. 1862- 1863

George Gabrey

49th Inf. 1865- 1865

Carton A. Geer

9th Inf.

Leonard Gorman

8th Inf.

H. B. Graves

1St Heavy Artillary

John J. Green

16th Reg. 1864-1865

William Green

21st Reg. 1865 (promoted to Corp.)

Peter Greidenweier

21st Reg. 1862- died at Murfreesboro 1863

Myron Haffner

Calvary 4th Reg. 1864-1866

Levi N. Hall

31st Reg. 1862– 1863

Myran Haffner,

46th Inf.

    Lyman Hanan,

Co F.

Wamba Hatfield

46th Inf. 1865- 1865

Luther Havens
8th Inf.
George Haynes
GAR FMS M Calvary
Marvin H. Haynes
Iron Brigade 2nd, 6th, 7th & 19th Inf.
Sidney S. Hook
35th Inf. – died 1864- Louisiana (dysentery)
Steven I. (J) Hook
42nd Inf.-
James E. Hoyt
Co. F, 33rd Inf.
Alonzo P. Jordon
31st Reg. 1862- 1865
Frances King
Co. 3, 13th Inf. 1861- 1865
Robert W. King
Co. D, 7th Inf. GAR
Robert King,
Co. F. 11th Inf.
Robine King
Co. E, 46th Inf.
Stephen Kelly
46th Inf. 1865- 1865
George Lee
Calvary 2nd Reg. 1865- 1865
John L. Lee
Calvary 2nd Reg. 1865- 1865
Solomon Lee
46th Inf. 1865- 1865
John Leonard
Co. A, 43rd Reg.
Steven Lewis
42nd Wis. Inf. 1864-1865
Horace A. Lockwood
Co. G, 40th Inf.
Jonas Martin
13th Reg. – 1861-
George McClarinon
Henry McCoy
31st Reg. 1862- 1864
John McDermot
49th Inf. 1865- 1865
Austin A. Melvin
49th Infantry, Co. C.
Oliver Melvin
1st U.S.S.S. Co. G.
E.O. Melvin
Sharpshooter- 1861- 1862
Fordyce R. Melvin
1st Reg. 1861- 1861
Oscar B. Melvin
Co. 1st & 2nd Wis. Cal.
Sheppard K. Melvin
Sharp Shooter- died 1862
Taylor D. Melvin
Sharp Shooter 1861- 1862
Noel Merrick, Co.
C. 22nd Inf.
   John Murphy,
   Stuart Nichols,
George W. McCreedy
Co. E, 13th Inf. died 1863
Cornelius McCreedy
13th Inf. 1861- 1864
Silas W. McCreedy
13th Inf. 1864- 1864
Alonzo McKinney
1861- 1862
John Murphy
13th Inf. 1861- died 1862

William H. Murray
1862- 1864
Daniel H. Munger
46th Inf.
Charles Norton
32nd Inf.
Stewart Nichols
13th Inf. 1861- 1862
William H. Nichols
13th Inf. 1861- 1865
Charles Norton
Co. D, 32nd Inf. 1861-
Henry Oliver
Co. H 8th Reg.
George D. Orcutt
13th Inf. 1861- died 1864
George Payler
Co. H, 13th Inf.
James N. Patterson
13th Inf. 1863-
John Patterson
31st Reg. 1862-1865
Horace Phillips
16th Inf.
Oliver H. Pratt
Co. H, 7th Reg. -1863
William C. Pratt
13th Inf. 1861- 1864
James L. Price
13th Inf. 1864- 1865
Charles H. Purinton
46th Inf. 1865- 1865
Alonzo C. Purinton
Co. I, 46th Inf. 1864- 1865
Bartley Rainy
29th Infantry Co. E
Alexander Dennison Ramsey
1862- 1865
William M. Rolfe
13th Inf. 1861- 1863
James Root
46th Inf. 1865- 1865
William Rollo
Co. F, 13th Minn. Inf.
Edgar Ross
7th Reg.
George Ross
21St. Infantry, Co.G

Jacob S. Rutherford
1864- 1865
Jerome L. Rutty
31st Reg. 1862- (promoted Corp.)
Samuel L. Rutty
31st Reg. 1862-1865
Alfred P. Searles
Co. F, 3rd Reg.
George W. Seymour
2nd Inf.
George B. Shampnor
7th Inf.
William M. Sheppard
1st Artillary
Elmore Simmons
Co. D, Inf. 8th Reg.
Harrison Simmons
35th Inf. 1864- 1866

Harrison Simmons
35th Inf. 1864- 1866
LaFayette Simmons
Robert Spears
1861- 1861- 8th Reg.
Erastus A. Starkweather
Co. E, 13th Inf. 1861- died 1863
Henry Starkweather
13th Inf. – 1864- 1865
Melvin M. Starkweather
Co. O, 7th Inf. 1861- 1864
William A. Stevens
8th Inf. 1861- 1861- (Promoted Corp.)
Henry A. Stockwell
13th Inf. 1864- 1865
George A. Taylor
Co. C, Heavy Artillery
Melvin Taylor
Co. G 1st Reg. Sharp Shooter
James Thomas
49th Inf. 1865- 1865
Ferris Thompson
8th Inf.
Otis Thompson
8th Inf. – 1861- 1863
W. Thompson
3rd Cav., Co. B.
Christopher Tomlin
46th Inf. 1865- 1865
Robert Turner
42nd Inf. 1864- 1865
James E. Wade
13th Inf. – 1861- 1865
Franklin F. Warner
13th Inf. – 1861- 1864
John E. Watkins
13th Inf. – 1861- 1864
Charles Wilder
Allan Whipple
5th Inf. – 1864-
Ira E. Whipple
13th Inf. 1861-
John Whipple
3rd Inf., cO f.
Pliny H. White
1861- 1863
Charles J. Winter
49th Inf. 1865- 1865
William G. Winter
3rd Inf.
James Witter
42nd Inf. 1864- 1865
Charles A. Wortman
39th Infantry

John Ziegler
31st Reg. 1862- 1863
John M. Zook
2nd Inf. 1861-

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